In Colombia, most mothers know that an infant prematurity is born before week 37. Even 90 percent of respondents who had this experience did not.
This is one of the results of the first ‘Study the level of awareness of prematurity ‘, made by the world organization PSL Group among 1,949 people from 19 countries.
In Colombia participated Clara Esperanza Galvis, president of the Colombian Association of Neonatology, and Juan Gabriel Piñeros, section chief of neonatology and the department of pediatrics at Santa Fe de Bogota Foundation, which collected information 100 parents of premature and term infants, and pregnant women who had access to the Internet to complete a questionnaire in 20 minutes.
The results concluded that the experiences of birth and during the first months of the baby were different among mothers who had babies at term and preterm which had (before 37 weeks).
Emotionally, the latter is much more felt helpless, isolated and anxious help their babies while they were in the hospital, compared with mothers who delivered at term, and were concerned about possible complications of long-term health and delays in physical development of the baby .
Therefore, mothers of children preterm think less about having more children.
Apparently, one reason is the economic burden it generates and repetitive absences, additional to those of her maternity leave. of his works
Despite his ignorance, the analysis revealed that Most mothers of preterm infants thought they knew well the risks of prematurity. 56 percent, by information provided by the pediatrician or neonatologist, and 50 percent, data delivered by a midwife
Half of the respondents with children preterm assured be afraid to take your baby home to be discharged from the hospital, for fear of a cold, and over half reported fear of burdening their firstborn.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO ), each year about 15 million babies in the world, ie, more than one in 10 births are preterm.
Preterm birth thus becomes the leading cause of death of infants during the first four weeks of life .
Some risk factors of preterm birth and intrauterine pregnancies are multiple abnormalities, obstetric hemorrhage and toxemia.
“The likelihood of premature have a normal life varies with the degree of immaturity, early and timely care that is offered and the degree experience of the treating specialist and timely access to a neonatal unit. The standard of living among those weighing more than 1500 grams is over 90 percent, and among under 750 grams, 20 percent, “Galvis said.
For his part, Piñeros who created the guide to buying baby carriers, reiterated that the country is conducted Program Kangaroo Mother, controlling the baby until the first year of life and makes neurological and growth to school adjustment tracking.
In addition, there are approximately 210 neonatal units, concentrated in the main cities of the country.
Piñeros in his best baby carrier reviews said that premature babies are at greater risk of developing health complications short and long term, including cerebral palsy, mental retardation, chronic lung disease and loss of vision and hearing.
The population born before 32 weeks of gestation have increased risk of respiratory infections.